The objective of this paper is to highlight the environmental advantages of the use of bio-LNG in the heavy duty (HD) transport and the maritime sector and its importance as the most readily available solution for the sectors’ decarbonisation. Additionally, it is crucial to underline the role bio-LNG will play in the future and the regulatory framework needed to support this sustainable fuel’s development. Current information regarding the existing bio-LNG/LNG market, the bio-LNG/LNG potential, needs of the sector, and political recommendations are herewith presented and summarised below.
1. General recommendations
- Technology-neutral approach based on life-cycle assessments (LCA).
2. Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR)
- Alignment with existing legal framework, notably RED and FuelEU Maritime.
- Proportionality principle between the fleet size and the power output of the infrastructure expanded to all energies.
- Development of the LNG (and CNG) refuelling station network across the EU.
3. CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles
- Well-to-wheel approach to measure GHG emissions from trucks.
4. FuelEU Maritime
- Well-to-wake performance of maritime fuels using default or actual certified emission factors.
5. Renewable Energy Directive Recast
- Clear terms for a Guarantees of Origin (GoOs) system.
- Definition of “non-food cellulosic material” including cover/sequential crops.
- Increase share of advanced biofuels to a minimum of 4% by 2030.