The European Commission Directorate General for Energy has been supporting an International Energy Agency (IEA) study on this topic carried out by two IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes, IEA Bioenergy TCP and the IEA Advanced Motor Fuels TCP. The workshop will present the findings of this project focusing on country-specific analysis of Germany, Finland, Sweden, USA and Brazil. The analysis is based on these countries´ key strategies for decarbonisation, and on the availability of conventional and advanced renewable transport fuels. From the current status of the vehicle fleet and fuels in use in each of the assessed countries, probable compositions of the national vehicle fleets in 2030 are estimated, and the gap to be filled between national targets and national projections is identified. In the course of the analysis, the team of experts also reveals country-specific barriers to the implementation of advanced renewable transport fuels, identifies policy gaps and develops recommendations to policy makers how to overcome these gaps and prepare the path for the successful market introduction of both advanced renewable transport fuels and electric vehicles.