Liquefied Natural Gas or LNG is natural gas converted to liquid by cooling it to minus 163 degrees centigrade. It is stored in strong containers that keep the temperature low. With LNG a higher reduction in volume is achieved than with Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), meaning that a larger amount can be transported over a longer distance. Natural gas from the Middle East for example is carried as LNG in special ships to markets in Europe and the US, where the LNG is gasified and injected into the natural gas grid or distributed by road.
In vehicles LNG also offers the possibility to cover longer distances. LNG is therefore an ideal fuel for long-distance trucks. NGVA Europe actively supports the creation in Europe of an extensive network of LNG filling stations for trucks. It works together with the NGV industry in the Blue Corridors project, which demonstrates that LNG can be a viable alternative to diesel in long-distance haulage. LNG can also be produced from renewable sources, blended with natural gas and used as bio-LNG. Due to its low sulphur emissions LNG is becoming the fuel of choice for the shipping industry.